The components of the bid-ask spread in a limit-order market : Evidence from the Tokyo Stock Exchange

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Hee-Joon Ahn
  • Jun Cai
  • Yasushi Hamao
  • Richard Y.K Ho

Related Research Unit(s)


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-430
Journal / PublicationJournal of Empirical Finance
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2002


This paper analyzes the components of the bid-ask spread in the limit-order book of the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE). While the behavior of spread components in U.S. markets has been extensively studied, little is known about the spread components in a pure limit-order market. We find that both the adverse selection and order handling cost components of the TSE exhibit U-shape patterns independently, in contrast to the findings of Madhavan et al. [Rev. Financ. Stud. 10 (1997) 1035] for U.S. stocks. On the TSE, there does not exist an upstairs market that allows large trades to be prenegotiated or certified as on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). This feature of the TSE provides a valuable opportunity to examine the relationship between trade size and spread components. Our results show that the adverse selection cost increases with trade size while order handling cost decreases with it. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Adverse selection cost, Bid-ask spread, Order-processing cost, Trade Size