The assessment of optimistic self-beliefs : Comparison of the Chinese, Indonesian, Japanese, and Korean versions of the general self-efficacy scale

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

85 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

  • Ralf Schwarzer
  • Aristi Born
  • Saburo Iwawaki
  • Young-Min Lee
  • Etsuko Saito

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Journal / PublicationPsychologia
Volume40
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1997
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

General self-efficacy is measured by a widely used parsimonious ten-item scale that was developed for use in several cultures. The present paper compares the versions that were examined in samples of 1,068 Chinese, 536 Indonesians, 430 Japanese, and 147 Koreans. The internal consistencies were .85, .80, .91, and .88, respectively. The unidimensional nature of the scale was replicated in all samples. Multilingual item-pattern equivalence was supported by confirmatory factor analyses. Self-efficacy differences between the four languages were discovered. Moreover, an interaction between gender and language emerged.

Citation Format(s)

The assessment of optimistic self-beliefs : Comparison of the Chinese, Indonesian, Japanese, and Korean versions of the general self-efficacy scale. / Schwarzer, Ralf; Born, Aristi; Iwawaki, Saburo; Lee, Young-Min; Saito, Etsuko; Yue, Xiaodong.

In: Psychologia, Vol. 40, No. 1, 03.1997, p. 1-13.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review