The application of profluorescent nitroxides to detect reactive oxygen species derived from combustion-generated particulate matter : Cigarette smoke - A case study

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

38 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

  • B. Miljevic
  • K. E. Fairfull-Smith
  • S. E. Bottle
  • Z. D. Ristovski

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2224-2230
Journal / PublicationAtmospheric Environment
Volume44
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and related free radicals are considered to be key factors underpinning the various adverse health effects associated with exposure to ambient particulate matter. Therefore, measurement of ROS is a crucial factor for assessing the potential toxicity of particles. In this work, a novel profluorescent nitroxide, BPEAnit, was investigated as a probe for detecting particle-derived ROS. BPEAnit has a very low fluorescence emission due to inherent quenching by the nitroxide group, but upon radical trapping or redox activity, a strong fluorescence is observed. BPEAnit was tested for detection of ROS present in mainstream and sidestream cigarette smoke. In the case of mainstream cigarette smoke, there was a linear increase in fluorescence intensity with an increasing number of cigarette puffs, equivalent to an average of 101 nmol ROS per cigarette based on the number of moles of the probe reacted. Sidestream cigarette smoke sampled from an environmental chamber exposed BPEAnit to much lower concentrations of particles, but still resulted in a clearly detectible increase in fluorescence intensity with sampling time. It was calculated that the amount of ROS was equivalent to 50 ± 2 nmol per mg of particulate matter; however, this value decreased with ageing of the particles in the chamber. Overall, BPEAnit was shown to provide a sensitive response related to the oxidative capacity of the particulate matter. These findings present a good basis for employing the new BPEAnit probe for the investigation of particle-related ROS generated from cigarette smoke as well as from other combustion sources. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Cigarette smoke, Combustion particles, Fluorescence, Profluorescent nitroxides, Reactive oxygen species

Citation Format(s)

The application of profluorescent nitroxides to detect reactive oxygen species derived from combustion-generated particulate matter : Cigarette smoke - A case study. / Miljevic, B.; Fairfull-Smith, K. E.; Bottle, S. E.; Ristovski, Z. D.

In: Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 44, No. 18, 06.2010, p. 2224-2230.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review