Testing competing factor models underlying the Private Self-Consciousness scale with Hong Kong Chinese adolescents

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1245-1258
Journal / PublicationSocial Behavior and Personality
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes


This study evaluated competing factor models underlying the Private Self-Consciousness scale (Fenigstein, Scheier, & Buss, 1975) with a large sample of Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. Reliability analysis and exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis did not lend empirical support to the three split-factor models proposed in previous research (Anderson, Bohon, & Berrigan, 1996; Burnkrant & Page, 1984; Martin & Debus, 1999). It was recommended that the original unitary model proposed by Fenigstein et al. should be retained in interpreting scores made on this scale, at least for Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. Possible influences of age and culture on the factor structure of the scale were also discussed. © Society for Personality Research (Inc.).

Research Area(s)

  • Adolescents, Factor structure, Hong Kong, Private self-consciousness, Psychological adjustment, Self-consciousness, Self-Consciousness scale, Social life, Stressful life events