Temporal variation in airborne microbial populations and microbially-derived allergens in a tropical urban landscape

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

77 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

  • Anthony C. Woo
  • Manreetpal S. Brar
  • Yuki Chan
  • Maggie C.Y. Lau
  • Frederick C.C. Leung
  • And 4 others
  • James A. Scott
  • Lilian L.P. Vrijmoed
  • Peyman Zawar-Reza
  • Stephen B. Pointing

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-300
Journal / PublicationAtmospheric Environment
Volume74
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013

Abstract

The microbial component of outdoor aerosols was assessed along a gradient of urban development from inner-city to rural in the seasonal-tropical metropolis of Hong Kong. Sampling over a continuous one-year period was conducted, with molecular analyses to characterize bacterial and eukaryal microbial populations, immuno-assays to detect microbially-derived allergens and extensive environmental and meteorological observations. The data revealed bio-aerosol populations were not significantly impacted by the level of urban development as measured by anthropogenic pollutants and human population levels, but instead exhibited a strong seasonal trend related to general climatic variables. We applied back-trajectory analysis to establish sources of air masses and this allowed further explanation of urban bio-aerosols largely in terms of summer-marine and winter-continental origins. We also evaluated bio-aerosols for the potential to detect human health threats. Many samples supported bacterial and fungal phylotypes indicative of known pathogenic taxa, together with common indicators of human presence. The occurrence of allergenic endotoxins and beta-glucans generally tracked trends in microbial populations, with levels known to induce symptoms detected during summer months when microbial loading was higher. This strengthens calls for bio-aerosols to be considered in future risk assessments and surveillance of air quality, along with existing chemical and particulate indices. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Airborne microorganisms, Bacteria, Bio-aerosols, Fungi, Urban aerosol

Citation Format(s)

Temporal variation in airborne microbial populations and microbially-derived allergens in a tropical urban landscape. / Woo, Anthony C.; Brar, Manreetpal S.; Chan, Yuki; Lau, Maggie C.Y.; Leung, Frederick C.C.; Scott, James A.; Vrijmoed, Lilian L.P.; Zawar-Reza, Peyman; Pointing, Stephen B.

In: Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 74, 08.2013, p. 291-300.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review