Synthetic routes and formation mechanisms of spherical boron nitride nanoparticles

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

  • Chengchun Tang
  • Yoshio Bando
  • Yang Huang
  • Chunyi Zhi
  • Dmitri Golberg

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3653-3661
Journal / PublicationAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume18
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2008
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

A new concept is proposed to explain the formation of spherical boron nitride (BN) nanoparticles synthesized by the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) reaction of trimethoxyborane (B(OMe)3) with ammonia. The intermediate phases formed during the CVD under different reaction conditions are analyzed by X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, thermogravimetry, and spectroscopy techniques. The transition mechanism from an intermediate B(OMe) 3-xH3-xN (x <2) phase having single B-N bonds to the BN nanoparticles is elucidated. This particularly emphasizes the CVD temperature effect governing the conversion of the N-H-O-B hydrogen bonds in (OMe) 3B·NH3 into the N-B bonds in B(OMe) 3-xH3-xN. The spherical morphology strongly depends on the remnant impurity oxygen formed upon Me2O group elimination in the intermediate. Two types of spherical BN nanoparticles primarily attractive for immediate commercialization (with C and H impurities at a level less than 1 wt % ) are synthesized by the adjustment of experimental parameters: high oxygen-containing (∼6.3 wt %) BN spheres with a diameter of ∼90nm and a specific surface area of 26.8 m2 g1; and low oxygen-containing (2 g-1. Finally, the regarded synthetic techniques are fully optimized in the present work. © 2008 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.

Citation Format(s)

Synthetic routes and formation mechanisms of spherical boron nitride nanoparticles. / Tang, Chengchun; Bando, Yoshio; Huang, Yang; Zhi, Chunyi; Golberg, Dmitri.

In: Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 18, No. 22, 24.11.2008, p. 3653-3661.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal