Synthesis, Structure, and Cytotoxicity of Oxaliplatin-Based Platinum(IV) Anticancer Prodrugs Bearing One Axial Fluoride

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8227-8235
Journal / PublicationInorganic Chemistry
Issue number14
Online published26 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jul 2018


Fluorine plays more and more important roles in drug design and development. In recent years, fluorine-containing organic drugs have already been applied in a broad range of therapeutic areas. Herein, we report our attempt to introduce an axial fluorine ligand to Pt(IV) complexes by oxidizing oxaliplatin with electrophilic fluorinating reagents in different protic solvents. The crystal structure of one representative complex is presented. The fluorinated Pt(IV) complexes are further expanded by functionalization with different anhydrides, and their analogues bearing one different axial ligand (OAc or OH group) are also synthesized. Further investigations show that the axial fluorine atom has dramatic effects on the chemical properties of these prodrugs. These new fluorinated Pt(IV) complexes are proved to be stable in physiological conditions. For most of the fluorinated Pt(IV) complexes, a higher reduction potential indicates its greater tendency to be reduced by ascorbate. Introducing an axial fluorine ligand in Pt(IV) complexes does not lead to the increase of their lipophilicity. Moreover, these new fluorinated Pt(IV) complexes show better cytotoxicity than nonfluorinated analogues which may derive from their higher cellular accumulation in cancer cells. Therefore, the good stability and high cytotoxicity of these fluorinated Pt(IV) prodrugs indicate their great potential as a building block for further functionalization.

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