Synthesis and Efficacy of the N-carbamoyl-methionine Copper on the Growth Performance, Tissue Mineralization, Immunity, and Enzymatic Antioxidant Capacity of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

2 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

  • Fan Luo
  • Meiquan Chen
  • Zhanjia Zheng
  • Dandan Zeng
  • Murtaza Hasan
  • Zhihuan Fu
  • Xugang Shu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22578–22586
Journal / PublicationACS Omega
Volume5
Issue number35
Online published25 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - 8 Sep 2020

Link(s)

Abstract

Immunogenic, methionine copper-induced response had proven to be precedent in providing resistance against certain diseases in fish. This study allocates the fitness strategy for Oreochromis niloticus by introducing and incorporating the well-designed, stabilized, and biocompatible N-carbamoyl-methionine copper (NCM-Cu) as a Cu potent source in diet that enhances the bioavailability and fitness. The synchronized NCM-Cu complex was characterized by directing ultraviolet and visible spectrophotometry (UV-vis), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffractometry (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Results revealed blue columnar crystalline, NCM-Cu complex with an empirical formula as C12H30CuN4O10S2. Anonymously, the overall growth performance of the fish remained unaltered with NCM-Cu adjunct feed. NCM-Cu significantly raised the Cu accumulation in the fish muscles, liver, gill, and intestine in contrast to the basic Cu-rich feed. The serum antioxidant enzyme activity elevated up to (ceruloplasmin: 19.38 U/L) and the lowest liver malondialdehyde (MDA) content (8.81 nmol/mg prot.) and triglyceride content (0.39 nmol/g prot.) were observed in the NCM-Cu group as compared to the basic Cu and CuSO4 groups, suggesting that NCM-Cu promoted antioxidative responses and alleviated lipid peroxidation of O. niloticus. Overweening, the synthesized complex, NCM-Cu significantly regulated the expression levels of lysozyme, immunoglobulin M, complement 4, and complement 3 up to 10.93 U/mL, 0.72, 0.77, and 1.18 mg/mL in serum, respectively. Thus, such endorsed results reveal the preeminence of NCM-Cu-supplemented diet for the fitness in O. niloticus.

Research Area(s)

Citation Format(s)

Synthesis and Efficacy of the N-carbamoyl-methionine Copper on the Growth Performance, Tissue Mineralization, Immunity, and Enzymatic Antioxidant Capacity of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). / Luo, Fan; Wang, Wenxiong; Chen, Meiquan; Zheng, Zhanjia; Zeng, Dandan; Hasan, Murtaza; Fu, Zhihuan; Shu, Xugang.

In: ACS Omega, Vol. 5, No. 35, 08.09.2020, p. 22578–22586.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review