Synergistic modulation of local environment for electrochemical nitrate reduction via asymmetric vacancies and adjacent ion clusters

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number107338
Journal / PublicationNano Energy
Online published4 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


Electrochemical conversion of nitrate to ammonia is widely considered a “two birds with one stone” approach to alleviate the nitrate pollution in water and simultaneously to generate the valuable green NH3 fuels. However, it remains challenging due to the lack of efficient electrocatalysts for practical utilization. Herein, we investigate the synergistic effect between asymmetric Cu-Ov-W sites (Ov represents oxygen vacancy) and adjacent Mo clusters in tuning the local electronic environment around active sites of catalysts for substantially enhanced nitrate reduction. The dynamic balance between the adsorption and desorption of O in NO3- caused by asymmetric Ov and the promoted protonation process due to Mo clusters are responsible for boosting the entire process. Such synergistic effect modulates the local electronic environment for binding the reaction intermediates and dramatically facilitates the intermediate formation in rate-determining steps (*NO→*NOH and *NOH→*N), leading to the high NH3 Faradaic efficiency and yield rate of 94.60% and 5.84 mg h−1 mgcat.−1 at − 0.7 V vs. RHE, respectively.

Research Area(s)

  • Asymmetric oxygen vacancy, Electrochemical nitrate reduction, Local environment, Mo cluster, Synergistic effect

Citation Format(s)