Surfactant-assisted alignment of ZnO nanocrystals to superstructures

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Hao Tang
  • Jack C. Chang
  • Yueyue Shan
  • Shuit-Tong Lee

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4016-4021
Journal / PublicationJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume112
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2008

Abstract

Self-organization of ZnO nanoparticles into various superstructures (sheet, platelet, ring) has been achieved with the assistance of micelles formed by surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) under onepot condition. The CTAB-modified zinc hydroxy double salt (Zn-HDS) mesocrystals act as intermediates to form ZnO hexagonal superstructures at temperatures as low as 50°C. The decomposition temperature of Zn-HDS mesocrystals is much lower than that of the corresponding bulk crystals because the organic additive CTAB effectively decreases the degree of crystallinity. Taking advantage of temperature-induced phase transformation of micelles, two-stage self-organization can form ZnO platelets and ring mesocrystals, that is, ZnO ellipsoidal superstructures formed through vertical attachment on (0001) facets of basic units can further assemble to form ZnO platelets and rings through vertical attachment on (0001) facets of ZnO ellipsoidal superstructures. The structural transformation of micelles as shape templates can offer a new route for selfassembly of nonspherical colloids into three-dimensional photonic crystals. ZnO sheet, ring, and platelet mesocrystals with a high population of polar Zn-(0001) plane are expected to have high photocatalytic activity. © 2008 American Chemical Society.

Citation Format(s)

Surfactant-assisted alignment of ZnO nanocrystals to superstructures. / Tang, Hao; Chang, Jack C.; Shan, Yueyue et al.
In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 112, No. 13, 03.04.2008, p. 4016-4021.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review