Surface Urban Heat Island Analysis of Shanghai (China) Based on the Change of Land Use and Land Cover

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Original languageEnglish
Article number1538
Journal / PublicationSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number9
Online published29 Aug 2017
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017
Externally publishedYes



In this paper, we present surface urban heat island (SUHI) analysis of Shanghai (China) based on the change in land use and land cover using satellite Landsat images from 2002 to 2013. With the rapid development of urbanization, urban ecological and environmental issues have aroused widespread concern. The urban heat island (UHI) effect is a crucial problem, as its generation and evolution are closely related to social and economic activities. Land-use and land-cover change (LUCC) is the key in analyzing the UHI effect. Shanghai, one of China's major economic, financial and commercial centers, has experienced high development density for several decades. A tremendous amount of farmland and vegetation coverage has been replaced by an urban impervious surface, leading to an intensive SUHI effect, especially in the city's center. Luckily, the SUHI trend has slowed due to reasonable urban planning and relevant green policies since the 2010 Expo. Data analyses demonstrate that an impervious surface (IS) has a positive correlation with land surface temperature (LST) but a negative correlation with vegetation and water. Among the three factors, impervious surface is the most relevant. Therefore, the policy implications of land use and control of impervious surfaces should pay attention to the relief of the current SUHI effect in Shanghai.

Research Area(s)

  • Land surface temperature (LST), Land-use and land-cover change (LUCC), MNDWI, NDVI, Shanghai, Surface urban heat island (SUHI)

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