Surface treatment of two dimensional MXene for poly(vinylidene fluoride) nanocomposites with tunable dielectric permittivity

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  • Wanjing Zhao
  • Xinmao Yin
  • Xianwu Cao
  • Yanhong Feng
  • Jinping Qu


Original languageEnglish
Article number100562
Journal / PublicationComposites Communications
Online published12 Nov 2020
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


Dielectric polymer nanocomposites with high dielectric permittivity and low dielectric loss have great applications in energy storage field. In this study, a series of PVDF/MXene nanocomposites was prepared by solution method. The surface of MXene was functionalized with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (MXene@CTAB) to achieve better dispersion in poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) matrix. The results revealed that the MXene@CTAB dispersed uniformly and had a good compatibility with PVDF matrix. In addition, the dynamical rheological test revealed that the viscosity and storage modulus of PVDF nanocomposites increased with the increasing of MXene@CTAB loading. The PVDF/MXene@CTAB nanocomposite containing 7 wt% MXene@CTAB exhibited a dielectric permittivity of 82.1 and a loss factor as low as 0.2 at 1 kHz. The presence of CTAB could serve as an insulating layer to suppress dielectric loss and AC conductivity of PVDF nanocomposites simultaneously. The PVDF/MXene@CTAB nanocomposite with high dielectric permittivity may find potential applications in energy storage capacitors for electronics. Moreover, the addition of MXene@CTAB contributed to the formation of Beta phase of PVDF.

Research Area(s)

  • Dielectric permittivity, MXene, Nanocomposite, Poly(vinylidene difluoride)

Citation Format(s)