Surface etching of MgO : LiNbO3 crystal by ti metal for integrated optics

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume157
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Abstract

Surface etching of a MgO-doped LiNbO3 crystal is demonstrated by annealing a sandwich structure formed by Mg: LiNbO3/Ti film/Mg: LiNbO3 at 1050-1100°C in a wet O2 atmosphere. The etching depth, raised Ti layer height and surface roughness were studied as a function of initial Ti film thickness, annealing temperature, and duration. The results show that the maximum etching depth can reach 260 nm while the surface roughness is 3 crystalline phase and the original crystal composition but is also Ti-free. An etching mechanism based upon an electrochemical reaction process is proposed. The MgO doping effect on the etching rate and surface roughness is discussed and explained in terms of the MgO doping effect on Ti solubility. A comparison of the +Z and -Z surface etching is made. Finally, the present method is compared with other etching techniques and its possible application is suggested. © 2010 The Electrochemical Society.

Citation Format(s)

Surface etching of MgO : LiNbO3 crystal by ti metal for integrated optics. / Zhang, De-Long; Zhang, Pei; Zhou, Hao-Jiang; Cui, Yu-Ming; Pun, Edwin Yue-Bun.

In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 157, No. 9, 2010.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review