Suppression of hollow droplet rebound on super-repellent surfaces

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Original languageEnglish
Article number5386
Journal / PublicationNature Communications
Volume14
Online published4 Sept 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2023

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Abstract

Droplet rebound is ubiquitous on super-repellent surfaces. Conversion between kinetic and surface energies suggests that rebound suppression is unachievable due to negligible energy dissipation. Here, we present an effective approach to suppressing rebounds by incorporating bubbles into droplets, even in super-repellent states. This suppression arises from the counteractive capillary effects within bubble-encapsulated hollow droplets. The capillary flows induced by the deformed inner-bubble surface counterbalance those driven by the outer-droplet surface, resulting in a reduction of the effective take-off momentum. We propose a double-spring system with reduced effective elasticity for hollow droplets, wherein the competing springs offer distinct behavior from the classical single-spring model employed for single-phase droplets. Through experimental, analytical, and numerical validations, we establish a comprehensive and unified understanding of droplet rebound, by which the behavior of single-phase droplets represents the exceptional case of zero bubble volume and can be encompassed within this overarching framework. © 2023, Springer Nature Limited.

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