Supported gold clusters as effective and reusable photocatalysts for the abatement of endocrine-disrupting chemicals under visible light

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Sergii Kalytchuk
  • Ling Chu
  • Yiru Shao
  • Dexin Kong
  • Kung-Hui Chu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Journal / PublicationJournal of Catalysis
Volume354
Online published20 Aug 2017
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

Abstract

Photocatalysts based on glutathione-protected Au clusters (1.5 ± 0.4 nm) were synthesized and assessed for the visible-light degradation of ten different endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and related compounds. In its as-prepared form, the Au clusters undergo rapid photocharge recombination resulting in no appreciable photocatalytic activity. Coupling with non-activated TiO2 acceptor was necessary to achieve efficient interfacial charge separation that allowed the photocharges on the Au clusters to be effectively harvested for surface redox reactions. Under visible light excitation, the Au cluster undergoes ligand-to-metal charge transfer and resulting in the accumulation of photohole on the glutathione ligand (i.e., the HOMO state). The transfer of photoholes to the hydrogen-bonded EDCs is identified as the main oxidation pathway. The hole transfer oxidation, which was probably complemented by superoxide radicals attack, was necessary since the low HOMO level of the Au clusters (+1.21 V vs. RHE, pH 0) disallowed the production of hydroxyl radicals (+2.68 V vs. RHE, pH 0). As such, the photocatalytic degradation rates of EDCs are in accordance with the trend of Langmuir adsorption capacities. Lastly, we demonstrated the high reusability of the Au cluster/TiO2 photocatalyst, retaining 96% of the initial activity even after 5 repeated cycles or equivalent to 25 h of continuous irradiation.

Research Area(s)

  • Endocrine disruptors, Environmental remediation, Gold clusters, Photocatalysis, TiO2, Visible light

Citation Format(s)

Supported gold clusters as effective and reusable photocatalysts for the abatement of endocrine-disrupting chemicals under visible light. / Xu, Fei; Chen, Jinfan; Kalytchuk, Sergii; Chu, Ling; Shao, Yiru; Kong, Dexin; Chu, Kung-Hui; Sit, Patrick H.-L.; Teoh, Wey Yang.

In: Journal of Catalysis, Vol. 354, 10.2017, p. 1-12.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review