Super-Stretchable Zinc–Air Batteries Based on an Alkaline-Tolerant Dual-Network Hydrogel Electrolyte

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review

6 Scopus Citations
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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number1803046
Journal / PublicationAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume9
Issue number12
Early online date4 Feb 2019
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2019

Abstract

Stretchable devices need elastic hydrogel electrolyte as an essential component, while most hydrogels will lose their stretchability after being incorporated with strong alkaline solution. This is why highly stretchable zinc–air batteries have never been reported so far. Herein, super-stretchable, flat- (800% stretchable) and fiber-shaped (500% stretchable) zinc–air batteries are first developed by designing an alkaline-tolerant dual-network hydrogel electrolyte. In the dual-network hydrogel electrolyte, sodium polyacrylate (PANa) chains contribute to the formation of soft domains and the carboxyl groups neutralized by hydroxyls as well as cellulose as potassium hydroxide stabilizer are responsible for vastly enhanced alkaline tolerance. The obtained super-stretchable, flat zinc–air battery exhibits a high power density of 108.6 mW⋅cm−2, increasing to 210.5 mW⋅cm−2 upon being 800% stretched. Similar phenomena are observed for the 500% stretchable fiber-shaped batteries. The devices can maintain stable power output even after being heavily deformed benefiting from the highly soft, alkaline-tolerant hydrogel electrolyte developed. A bendable battery-display system and water proof weavable fiber zinc–air battery are also demonstrated. This work will facilitate the progress of using zinc–air battery powering flexible electronics and smart clothes. Moreover, the developed alkaline-tolerant super-stretchable electrolyte can also be applied for many other alkaline electrolyte-based energy storage/conversion devices.

Research Area(s)

  • alkaline-tolerant, dual-network, hydrogel electrolyte, super-stretchable, zinc–air batteries

Citation Format(s)

Super-Stretchable Zinc–Air Batteries Based on an Alkaline-Tolerant Dual-Network Hydrogel Electrolyte. / Ma, Longtao; Chen, Shengmei; Wang, Donghong; Yang, Qi; Mo, Funian; Liang, Guojin; Li, Na; Zhang, Haiyan; Zapien, Juan Antonio; Zhi, Chunyi.

In: Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, No. 12, 1803046, 27.03.2019.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review