Superoleophobic surfaces with controllable oil adhesion and their application in oil transportation

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4270-4276
Journal / PublicationAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number22
Online published12 Sep 2011
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes


Controlling liquid adhesion is a fundamental issue in many applications for special wettable surfaces. Compared to superhydrophobic surfaces of different water adhesion, superoleophobic surfaces of controllable oil adhesion are much more practical, as it leads to non-wetting for both water and oil. However, previously the investigation for oil adhesion ability on superoleophobic surfaces in oil/air/solid system has been extremely rare. In this work, we describe a convenient approach to fabricate superoleophobic surfaces through perfluorothiolate reaction on Cu(OH)2 nanostructure surfaces and investigate their possible application in oil droplet transportation. The prepared surfaces exhibit controllable oil adhesive force depending on surface nanostructures or external preloads on the oil droplet. A model of the penetrating Cassie state is used to help analyze the unique phenomena on oil adhesion. Moreover, we provide a proof of demonstrate of oil transportation for application in oil-based microreactors via our surfaces. Our results give a useful attempt in understanding the fabrication principle of preparing superoleophobic surfaces with controllable oil adhesion. A series of superoleophobic surfaces with controllable oil adhesion are fabricated based on a thiolate reaction. Specifically, oil droplets can thoroughly "de-adhere" from the surface of nanoneedle array without any residual even though a strong interfacial adhesive interaction occurred. In addition, the oil adhesion can also be controlled by exerting different preloads on the oil droplet. These surfaces can be used in oil droplet transportation and oil-based microreactors. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Research Area(s)

  • microreactors, nanoneedle arrays, oil adhesion, perfluorothiol thiolate reactions, superoleophobic materials