Superior photoelectrocatalytic performance of ternary structural BiVO4/GQD/g-C3N4 heterojunction

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

7 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Mohamad Fakhrul Ridhwan Samsudin
  • Habib Ullah
  • Asif A. Tahir
  • Xiaohong Li
  • Suriati Sufian

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)785-796
Journal / PublicationJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume586
Online published5 Nov 2020
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2021

Abstract

Herein, we performed an encyclopedic analysis on the photoelectrocatalytic hydrogen production of BiVO4/g-C3N4 decorated with reduced graphene oxide (RGO) or graphene quantum dots (GQDs). The differences between RGO and GQDs as an electron mediator was revealed for the first time in the perspective of theoretical DFT analysis and experimental validation. It was found that the incorporation of GQDs as an electron mediator promotes better photoelectrocatalytic hydrogen performance in comparison to the RGO. The addition of GQD can significantly improve the activity by 25.2 and 75.7% in comparison to the BiVO4/RGO/g-C3N4 and binary composite samples, respectively. Correspondingly, the BiVO4/GQD/g-C3N4 attained the highest photocurrent density of 19.2 mA/cm2 with an ABPE of 0.57% without the presence of any sacrificial reagents. This enhancement is stemming from the low photocharge carrier transfer resistance which was further verified via DFT study. The DFT analysis revealed that the BiVO4/GQD/g-C3N4 sample shared their electronic cloud density through orbital hybridization while the BiVO4/RGO/g-C3N4 sample show less mutual sharing. Additionally, the charge redistribution of the GQDs-composite at the heterostructure interface articulates a more stable and stronger heterojunction than the RGO-composite. Notably, this study provides new insights on the effect of different carbonaceous materials (RGO and GQDs) which are often used as an electron mediator to enhance photocatalytic activity.

Research Area(s)

  • Density functional theory, Graphene quantum dots, Photocatalyst, Photoelectrochemical cell, Reduced graphene oxide

Citation Format(s)

Superior photoelectrocatalytic performance of ternary structural BiVO4/GQD/g-C3N4 heterojunction. / Samsudin, Mohamad Fakhrul Ridhwan; Ullah, Habib; Tahir, Asif A.; Li, Xiaohong; Ng, Yun Hau; Sufian, Suriati.

In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 586, 15.03.2021, p. 785-796.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review