Structures and stability of medium-sized silicon clusters. III. Reexamination of motif transition in growth pattern from Si 15 to Si 20

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

61 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number164303
Journal / PublicationJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume123
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

It has been established from experiments that stable medium-sized ionic clusters Si15 - Si20 are prolate in shape. Density-functional theories (DFTs) also predict that nearly all low-lying neutral clusters in this size range are prolate in shape. Moreover, most of them are built onto two generic structural motifs, either the tricapped-trigonal-prism (TTP) Si9 motif or the six/six Si6 Si6 (sixfold-puckered hexagonal ring Si6 plus six-atom tetragonal bipyramid Si6) motif. However, it appears that the exact location of the TTP-to-six/six motif transition is dependent on the functional (e.g., PBE or BLYP) used in the DFT calculations. Here, we present total-energy calculations for two series of clusters (one series containing six/six motif and the other containing the TTP motif) in the size range of Si16 - Si20. The calculations were based on all-electron DFT methods with a medium [6-311G (2d)] and a large (cc-pVTZ) basis sets, as well as coupled-cluster single and double substitutions (including triple excitations) [CCSD(T)] method with a modest (cc-pVDZ) basis set. In the DFT calculations, two popular hybrid density functionals, the B3LYP and PBE1PBE, were selected. It is found that the B3LYP total-energy calculations slightly favor the six/six motif, whereas the PBE1PBE calculations slightly favor the TTP motif. The CCSD(T) total-energy calculations, however, show that isomers based on the six/six motif are energetically slightly favorable in the size range of Si16 - Si20. Hence, the TTP-to-six/six motif transition is more likely to occur at Si16. © 2005 American Institute of Physics.

Bibliographic Note

Publication details (e.g. title, author(s), publication statuses and dates) are captured on an “AS IS” and “AS AVAILABLE” basis at the time of record harvesting from the data source. Suggestions for further amendments or supplementary information can be sent to lbscholars@cityu.edu.hk.