Structure and Phase Transformation in the Giant Magnetostriction Laves-Phase SmFe2

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Xiaonan Liu
  • Kun Lin
  • Qilong Gao
  • He Zhu
  • Qiang Li
  • Yili Cao
  • Zhanning Liu
  • Li You
  • Jun Chen
  • Rongjin Huang
  • Saul H. Lapidus
  • Xianran Xing

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-694
Journal / PublicationInorganic Chemistry
Volume57
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

As one class of the most important intermetallic compounds, the binary Laves-phase is well-known for its abundant magnetic properties. Samarium-iron alloy system SmFe2 is a prototypical Laves compound that shows strong negative magnetostriction but relatively weak magnetocrystalline anisotropy. SmFe2 has been identified as a cubic Fd3̄m structure at room temperature; however, the cubic symmetry, in principle, does not match the spontaneous magnetization along the [111]cubic direction. Here we studied the crystal structure of SmFe2 by high-resolution synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction, X-ray total scattering, and selected-area electron diffraction methods. SmFe2 is found to adopt a centrosymmetric trigonal R3̄m structure at room temperature, which transforms to an orthorhombic Imma structure at 200 K. This transition is in agreement with the changes of easy magnetization direction from [111]cubic to [110]cubic direction and is further evidenced by the inflection of thermal expansion behavior, the sharp decline of the magnetic susceptibility in the field-cooling-zero field-cooling curve, and the anomaly in the specific heat capacity measurement. The revised structure and phase transformation of SmFe2 could be useful to understand the magnetostriction and related physical properties of other RM2-type pseudocubic Laves-phase intermetallic compounds.

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Citation Format(s)

Structure and Phase Transformation in the Giant Magnetostriction Laves-Phase SmFe2. / Liu, Xiaonan; Lin, Kun; Gao, Qilong et al.
In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 57, No. 2, 16.01.2018, p. 689-694.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review