Structural properties of sputter-deposited CNx/TiN multilayer films

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-37
Journal / PublicationThin Solid Films
Volume479
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 23 May 2005

Abstract

CNx/TiN multilayer films with different bilayer periods were produced by reactive unbalanced magnetron sputtering. Low-angle X-ray diffraction (XRD) and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were employed to investigate the structural properties of these films including layer density, bilayer thickness, layer thickness variation, and interface roughness. The results showed that the density of TiN layers in different CNx/TiN multilayers ranged from ∼4.3×103 to 4.9×103 kg/m3 with the CNx density being around 2.1×103-2.3×103 kg/m3. The bilayer thicknesses of those multilayers are about, respectively, 2.2, 5.0, and 10.2 nm, with a variation of layer thickness being ∼0.2-0.3 nm for both TiN and CNx layers due to the random characteristic of particle deposition. Analysis also revealed that for the multilayer with 5-nm-thick bilayer an initial system instability caused the bilayer thicknesses in the early growth time (∼4.6 nm) to be less than those at the later stage of growth (∼5 nm). By incorporating three different interface roughness models into low-angle X-ray diffraction simulations, it was found the underlying interface roughness of CNx/TiN multilayers increased with the bilayer number, and the roughness of three different multilayers was determined to be, respectively, about 1.1, 1.5, and 2.1 nm, showing an increasing trend with the bilayer thickness. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Multilayers, Nitrides, Sputtering, X-ray diffraction

Citation Format(s)

Structural properties of sputter-deposited CNx/TiN multilayer films. / Liu, Z. J.; Vyas, A.; Lu, Y. H.; Shen, Y. G.

In: Thin Solid Films, Vol. 479, No. 1-2, 23.05.2005, p. 31-37.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review