Structural performance and charring of loaded wood under fire

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number111491
Journal / PublicationEngineering Structures
Online published24 Nov 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2021


Wood has been widely used in construction and infrastructures due to its great environmental and economic benefits. However, wood structures are highly vulnerable to fire because of its flammability. The effect of unavoidable service load on the structural performance and charring characteristics of wood structures is still unclear, posing serious safety risk under fire hazard. In this study, the fire behavior of wood components under different service loads was experimentally evaluated. To assess the fire performance in detail, the structural response and charring characteristics, including charring depth and charring rate were provided and compared. The results highlight that service load can accelerate the charring rate and increase the charring depth, aggravating the thermal degradation of wood element under fire exposure. An influential mechanism of service loading condition on the fire behavior of wood is proposed and a more accurate approach to predict charring rate is recommended. The findings from this study can advance the understanding on structural behavior of wood under fire and contribute to the trustworthy charring predictions as well as to reliable fire design of wood structures.

Research Area(s)

  • Charring characteristics, Fire resistance, Structural performance, Thermomechanical analysis, Wood