Structural evolutions of metallic materials processed by severe plastic deformation

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-59
Journal / PublicationMaterials Science and Engineering R: Reports
Online published25 Aug 2018
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018
Externally publishedYes


Bulk nanostructured (ns)/ultrafine-grained (UFG) metallic materials possess very high strength, making them attractive for high strength, lightweight and energy efficient applications. The most effective approach to produce bulk ns/UFG metallic materials is severe plastic deformation (SPD). In the last 30 years, significant research efforts have been made to explore SPD processing of materials, SPD-induced microstructural evolutions, and the resulting mechanical properties. There have been a few comprehensive reviews focusing mainly on SPD processing and the mechanical properties of the resulting materials. Yet no such a review on SPD-induced microstructural evolutions is available. This paper aims to provide a comprehensive review on important microstructural evolutions and major microstructural features induced by SPD processing in single-phase metallic materials with face-centered cubic structures, body-centered cubic structures, and hexagonal close-packed structures, as well as in multi-phase alloys. The corresponding deformation mechanisms and structural evolutions during SPD processing are discussed, including dislocation slip, deformation twinning, phase transformation, grain refinement, grain growth, and the evolution of dislocation density. A brief review on the mechanical properties of SPD-processed materials is also provided to correlate the structure with mechanical properties of SPD-processed materials, which is important for guiding structural design for optimum mechanical properties of materials.

Research Area(s)

  • Deformation twinning, Dislocations, Grain growth, Grain refinement, Mechanical properties, Nanostructured metallic materials, Phase transformation, Severe plastic deformation