Stress-induced surface damages in Ti-Si-N films grown by magnetron sputtering

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7609-7614
Journal / PublicationThin Solid Films
Volume516
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2008

Abstract

The compressive-stress-induced surface damages in the Ti1 - x - ySixNy films (0≤ x ≤0.12) deposited on Si(100) substrates by magnetron sputtering were examined by scanning electron microscopy. It was found that the degree of surface damage in the Ti1 - x - ySixNy films depended on the Si concentration. For the films with relatively high Si contents, e.g. Ti0.32Si0.12N0.56 and Ti0.38Si0.08N0.54, no significant surface failure could be observed. However, when the Si concentration was low, e.g. Ti0.39Si0.04N0.57 and Ti0.44N0.56, the presence of higher compressive stresses in the films induced large-area surface damages. Further examination revealed that spalling was the dominant stress relief mode in the Ti0.44N0.56 film, whereas both spalling and buckling were found in the Ti0.39Si0.04N0.57 film. In particular, most of the buckling patterns (e.g. circular bubbles or varicose patterns, straight-sided wrinkles, and telephone cords) in the Ti0.39Si0.04N0.57 film were with cracks at the midpoints of the delaminated regions. The correlation between the observed Si-content-dependent phenomenon and the film microstructure was addressed. The origins of the buckling patterns with cracks were also discussed. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Buckling, Crack, Nitrides, Scanning electron microscopy, Sputtering, Thin films

Citation Format(s)

Stress-induced surface damages in Ti-Si-N films grown by magnetron sputtering. / Liu, Zong-Jian; Jiang, Ning; Shen, Y. G.; Li, Xiaonian.

In: Thin Solid Films, Vol. 516, No. 21, 01.09.2008, p. 7609-7614.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal