Stress-free bending of a neo-Hookean plate induced by growth : Exact solution and experiments

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)280-287
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics
Online published29 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018


We study the growth-induced large deformations of a thin hyperelastic plate through both theoretical analyses and experimental tests. In particular, we investigate the stress-free states of the plate during the growth process systematically. First, for the biaxial growth case and with the assumption of plane-strain deformation, we formulate the governing PDE system of the plate model, where the traction-free boundary conditions are adopted. By considering the stress-free states of the plate, a constraint condition on the growth functions can be derived. Then, by choosing some specified growth functions, we obtain the exact solution to the governing system, which represents the stress-free bending deformation of the plate. With the obtained solution, the effects of the different growth parameters on the current configuration of the plate can be revealed. To show the prediction power of the exact solution, we conduct some experiments on the swellings of thin hydrogel samples in water. It is found that the deformation styles of the hydrogel samples are consistent with those described by the exact solution. The analytical results obtained in this paper is helpful for understanding the mechanical behaviours of hyperelastic plates in free growth, which would also be useful for the design of soft devices. Besides that, the problem considered in this paper can serve as a benchmark example for testing the correctness of approximate plate models and numerical schemes in growth theory.

Research Area(s)

  • Exact solution, Gradient growth field, Hyperelastic plate, Neo-Hookean material