Strengthening, toughing and thermally stable ultra-thin MXene nanosheets/polypropylene nanocomposites via nanoconfinement

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review

5 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Yongqian Shi
  • Chuan Liu
  • Lu Liu
  • Libu Fu
  • Yuancai Lv
  • Fuqiang Yang
  • Pingan Song

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number122267
Journal / PublicationChemical Engineering Journal
Volume378
Early online date16 Jul 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Jul 2019

Abstract

Developing high-performance polymer nanocomposites with outstanding heat resistance and high strength, and superior ductility is vital for their practical applications. However, it is a great challenge to achieve simultaneous improvements in the strength and ductility due to the presence of antagonistic mechanisms in the both parameters. Nanoconfinement structure affording heat resistance and high strength, and good extensibility is inspired by the natural world, such as spider web, silkworm net, and honeycomb consisting of three-dimensional networks generated by vast hydrogen bonds. Here, we reported the methods of oxygen-free fast drying assisted solution casting and melt blending for fabricating advanced ultrathin two-dimensional (2D) titanium carbide (Ti3C2Tx)/polypropylene nanocomposites with significantly enhanced initial degradation temperature (79.1 °C increase), tensile strength (35.3% increase), ductility (674.6% increase) and storage modulus (102.2% increase). The thermal stability and mechanical properties improvements induced by Ti3C2Tx nanosheets are superior to those of similar 2D nanomaterials, such as graphene, molybdenum disulfide, montmorillonite, layered double hydroxide, and even 1D carbon nanotubes because of the combination of H-bonds induced nanoconfinement structure with the physical barrier effect of ultrathin Ti3C2Tx nanosheets. This work provides a facile nanoconfinement-inspired strategy for the design of thermally stable, mechanical strong and ductile polymer materials and a paradigm for broadening the application of 2D MXenes in polymeric materials.

Research Area(s)

  • Mechanical property, MXene, Nanocomposite, Nanoconfinement, Thermal stability

Citation Format(s)

Strengthening, toughing and thermally stable ultra-thin MXene nanosheets/polypropylene nanocomposites via nanoconfinement. / Shi, Yongqian; Liu, Chuan; Liu, Lu; Fu, Libu; Yu, Bin; Lv, Yuancai; Yang, Fuqiang; Song, Pingan.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 378, 122267, 15.12.2019.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review