Stoichiometric enantioselective alkene epoxidation with a chiral dioxoruthenium(VI) D4-porphyrinato complex

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)22_Publication in policy or professional journal

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3559-3564
Journal / PublicationJournal of the Chemical Society - Dalton Transactions
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 7 Nov 1998


A dioxoruthenium(VI) complex containing a D4-porphyrinato ligand por* {H2por* = 5,10,15,20-tetrakis-[(1S,4R,5R,8S)-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-octahydro-1,4:5,8- dimethanoanthracen-9-yl]porphyrin} has been prepared by oxidation of its ruthenium(II) carbonyl precursor with m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid and characterised by spectroscopic methods. The [RuVI(por*)O2] complex undergoes enantioselective epoxidation of alkenes and the highest enantiomeric excess (ee) attainable is 77%. In the presence of pyrazole the complex transforms to [RuIV(por*)(pz)2] when reacting with alkenes. The kinetics of the epoxidation of para-substituted styrenes has been studied. The experimental rate law is - d[RuVI]/dt = k2[RuVI][alkene]. The second order rate constants k2 at 25°C fall in a narrow range, 2.1 × 10-3-9.7 × 10-3 dm3 mol-1 s-1. Comparison of the Hammett plot (log krel vs. σ*) with those for achiral analogues [RuVI(tpp)O2] (H2tpp = 5,10,15,20-tetraphenylporphyrin) and [RuVI(oep)O2] (H2oep = 2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-octaethylporphyrin) suggests the formation of a radical intermediate for the alkene epoxidations. Both [RuII(por*)(CO)(EtOH)] and [RuVI(por*)O2] were examined for enantioselective catalysis. Enantioselectivities of the stoichiometric and catalytic reactions showed good correlation. There is no solvent dependence on enantioselectivity when changing the solvent from dichloromethane to benzene.