Stochastic Geometric Analysis of the Terahertz (THz)-mmWave Hybrid Network With Spatial Dependence

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

1 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25063-25076
Journal / PublicationIEEE Access
Online published8 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 2023



The Terahertz (THz) band (0.1-10 THz) contains abundant spectrum resources that can offer ultra-high data rates. Despite these potential benefits, the adoption of THz communication has been stagnant until very recently due to the poor penetrability and limited coverage of the THz links. To overcome the aforementioned obstacles and take full advantage of the THz band, we introduced a hybrid network consisting of THz and millimeter-wave (mmWave) nodes deployed within a finite area. Furthermore, the mmWave nodes are spatially distributed by a Poisson Point Process (PPP), whereas the THz nodes are clustered around the mmWave nodes, forming a Poisson Cluster Process (PCP) with the parent process of mmWave tier. We derive the Laplace transform of the interference in a closed form and evaluate the coverage probability (CP) based on the maximum biased power (Max-BRP) association strategy. The proposed framework provides insights into how the spatial dependence between THz and mmWave tier and clustering setting affects network performance. We quantitatively reveal its impact on the network performance. It is revealed that this inter-tier spatial dependence introduces the flexibility of nodes deployment by tuning the scattering variance and the number of nodes per cluster. Furthermore, we use numerical simulation to demonstrate the significant impact of bias ratio, density, and blockage on the CP, indicating the importance of choosing the optimal combination of the parameters.

Research Area(s)

  • Millimeter wave communication, Interference, Absorption, Stochastic processes, Directional antennas, Signal to noise ratio, Propagation losses, Terahertz communication, stochastic geometry, Poisson cluster process, THz-mmWave hybrid network, MILLIMETER-WAVE, COVERAGE ANALYSIS, CELLULAR NETWORKS, INTERFERENCE, DOWNLINK, PROBABILITY, ASSOCIATION, BLOCKING, BLOCKAGE, SYSTEM

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