Stimuli-Responsive Self-Assembled DNA Nanomaterials for Biomedical Applications

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number1602881
Journal / PublicationSmall
Volume13
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2017

Abstract

Stimuli-responsive DNA-based materials represent a major class of remarkable functional nanomaterials for nano-biotechnological applications. In this review, recent progress in the development of stimuli-responsive systems based on self-assembled DNA nanostructures is introduced and classified. Representative examples are presented in terms of their design, working principles and mechanisms to trigger the response of the stimuli-responsive DNA system upon expose to a large variety of stimuli including pH, metal ions, oligonucleotides, small molecules, enzymes, heat, and light. Substantial in vitro studies have clearly revealed the advantages of the use of stimuli-responsive DNA nanomaterials in different biomedical applications, particularly for biosensing, drug delivery, therapy and diagnostic purposes in addition to bio-computing. Some of the challenges faced and suggestions for further development are also highlighted.

Research Area(s)

  • biomedical, DNA nanostructures, responsive, stimuli, triggers