Statistical prediction of non-Gaussian climate extremes in urban areas based on the first-order difference method

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

3 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2889-2898
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Climatology
Issue number6
Online published7 Mar 2018
Publication statusPublished - May 2018


Prediction of climate extremes is challenging, especially for non-Gaussian extremes in urban areas where the majority of people live, since the Gaussian assumption used in linear regression is violated and the urbanization effect needs to be considered. In this study, the first-order difference method is introduced to take these difficulties into account. Statistical prediction of the non-Gaussian annual occurrence of hot days in downtown Hong Kong, which is highly urbanized, is used to illustrate this method. With the help of the first-order difference of the annual occurrences, which follows a Gaussian distribution, the difference series is used as the predictant to find predictors and to construct a prediction model by using traditional linear regression. The difference is first predicted and is then added to the observed value at the preceding time to obtain the predicted annual occurrence. The historical urbanization effect is thus obtained directly from the observations at the preceding time. The prediction results are found desirable. The broad application potential and conditions in which this method should be used are also discussed.

Research Area(s)

  • Climate extremes, First-order difference, Non-Gaussian, Seasonal prediction, Urbanization effect