Stabilizing Perovskite Light-Emitting Diodes by Incorporation of Binary Alkali Cations

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Lei Song
  • Yongheng Jia
  • Yifan Dong
  • Fangyan Xie
  • Liduo Wang
  • Shuxia Tao
  • Ni Zhao

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number1907786
Journal / PublicationAdvanced Materials
Volume32
Issue number17
Online published9 Mar 2020
Publication statusPublished - 28 Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

Link(s)

Abstract

The poor stability of perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs) is a key bottleneck that hinders commercialization of this technology. Here, the degradation process of formamidinium lead iodide (FAPbI3)-based PeLEDs is carefully investigated and the device stability is improved through binary-alkalication incorporation. Using time-of-flight secondary-ion mass spectrometry, it is found that the degradation of FAPbI3-based PeLEDs during operation is directly associated with ion migration, and incorporation of binary alkali cations, i.e., Cs+ and Rb+, in FAPbI3 can suppress ion migration and significantly enhance the lifetime of PeLEDs. Combining experimental and theoretical approaches, it is further revealed that Cs+ and Rb+ ions stabilize the perovskite films by locating at different lattice positions, with Cs+ ions present relatively uniformly throughout the bulk perovskite, while Rb+ ions are found preferentially on the surface and grain boundaries. Further chemical bonding analysis shows that both Csand Rb+ ions raise the net atomic charge of the surrounding I anions, leading to stronger Coulomb interactions between the cations and the inorganic framework. As a result, the Cs+–Rb+-incorporated PeLEDs exhibit an external quantum efficiency of 15.84%, the highest among alkali cation-incorporated FAPbI3 devices. More importantly, the PeLEDs show significantly enhanced operation stability, achieving a half-lifetime over 3600 min. © 2020 The Authors. Published by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Research Area(s)

  • alkali cations, ion migration, light-emitting diodes, perovskites, stability

Citation Format(s)

Stabilizing Perovskite Light-Emitting Diodes by Incorporation of Binary Alkali Cations. / Li, Nan; Song, Lei; Jia, Yongheng et al.
In: Advanced Materials, Vol. 32, No. 17, 1907786, 28.04.2020.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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