Stability of Transonic Contact Discontinuity for Two-Dimensional Steady Compressible Euler Flows in a Finitely Long Nozzle

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number23
Number of pages96
Journal / PublicationAnnals of PDE
Issue number2
Online published23 Sep 2021
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


We consider the stability of transonic contact discontinuity for the two-dimensional steady compressible Euler flows in a finitely long nozzle. This is the first work on the mixed-type problem of transonic flows across a contact discontinuity as a free boundary in nozzles. We start with the Euler-Lagrangian transformation to straighten the contact discontinuity in the new coordinates. However, the upper nozzle wall in the subsonic region depending on the mass flux becomes a free boundary after the transformation. Then we develop new ideas and techniques to solve the free-boundary problem in three steps: (1) we fix the free boundary and generate a new iteration scheme to solve the corresponding fixed boundary value problem of the hyperbolic-elliptic mixed type by building some powerful estimates for both the first-order hyperbolic equation and a second-order nonlinear elliptic equation in a Lipschitz domain; (2) we update the new free boundary by constructing a mapping that has a fixed point; (3) we establish via the inverse Lagrangian coordinate transformation that the original free interface problem admits a unique piecewise smooth transonic solution near the background state, which consists of a smooth subsonic flow and a smooth supersonic flow with a contact discontinuity.

Research Area(s)

  • Transonic flow, Contact discontinuity, Free boundary, Compressible Euler flow, Finitely long nozzle