Spin-transfer torque generated in graphene based topological insulator heterostructures

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Original languageEnglish
Article number4343
Journal / PublicationScientific Reports
Volume8
Online published12 Mar 2018
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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Abstract

We studied the spin-transfer torque (STT) in graphene based normal-metal/topological-insulator/ferromagnet heterostructures (N/TI/F), which is induced by the helical spin-polarized current in the quantum spin Hall insulator. We found that the STT is comparable in magnitude to the STT in ferromagnetic-normal- ferromagnetic graphene junction, while not requiring additional ferromagnetic layer with fixed magnetization, which makes it advantageous for the manipulation of magnetic devices in spintronics. More interestingly, the STT is very robust in our proposed nanostructure, as it is immune to changes in the geometry due to an asymmetrically notch or the presence of random nanopores in the quantum spin Hall insulator. Our theoretical prediction suggests that graphene based quantum spin Hall insulator could be used for very efficient magnetization manipulation for magnetic materials.

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