Spider silk inspired polymer electrolyte with well bonded interface and fast kinetics for solid-state lithium-ion batteries

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationMaterials Today
Online published24 May 2024
Publication statusOnline published - 24 May 2024

Abstract

Due to their superior safety and stability, solid-state electrolytes (SSEs) are a promising alternative to flammable liquid electrolytes in lithium-ion batteries. However, the poor solid–solid contact at the SSEs/electrodes interface remains a significant challenge. To address this issue, inspired by spider silk, we develop a composite polymer electrolyte (SPLZO), which is highly adhesive due to the designed rich hydrogel bond network, containing a supramolecular poly (urethane-urea) (SPU), lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI) and Li6.5La3Zr1.5Ta0.5O12. The abundant hydrogen bonds mainly enabled inherently strong adhesion to ensure intimate electrolyte–electrode contact with low interfacial impedance. Besides, the soft polymer segments facilitate Li+ transport, and the hard components enhance the LiTFSI dissociation and accelerate Li+ motion, resulting in a high ionic conductivity of 1.67 × 10−4 S cm−1. The significantly improved interface contact and high ionic conductivity lead to a decent capacity and cycling performance of the fabricated solid-state lithium-ion batteries. Moreover, the designed SPLZO electrolyte exhibits remarkable deformability, and the flexible lithium-ion battery demonstrates outstanding mechanical flexibility and stability with negligible capacity loss when subjected to various dynamic deformations. This adhesive SSE design strategy opens new possibilities for promoting interfaces in solid-state batteries.

© 2024 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Flexible batteries, Interface adhesion, Lithium-ion batteries, Polymer electrolyte, Solid-state batteries

Bibliographic Note

Publisher Copyright: © 2024 Elsevier Ltd