Spectroscopy and redox properties of the luminescent excited state of [Au2(dppm)2]2+ (dppm = Ph2PCH2PPh2)

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3215-3219
Journal / PublicationJournal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1990


The electronic absorption spectrum of [Au2(dppm)2]2+ [dppm = bis(diphenylphosphino)methane] in acetonitrile exhibits an absorption band at 290 nm, attributable to a pσ ← dσ* transition. A much weaker band in the region 300-370 nm is assigned to a pσ ← dδ* transition. Excitation of [Au2(dppm)2]2+ in degassed acetonitrile at 310-390 nm at room temperature results in phosphorescence centred at 575 nm, which is most likely to be derived from the 3B1u [(dδ*)1(pσ)1] state. The phosphorescence of [Au2(dppm)2]2+* is found to be quenched by a number of electron acceptors and donors, as well as energy-transfer acceptors. The powerful reducing nature of [Au2(dppm)2]2+* is revealed by its excited-state redox potential E°[Au2(dppm)2 3+/2+*] of -1.6(1) V vs. a saturated sodium chloride calomel electrode (s.s.c.e.) which was determined through studies of quenching by a series of pyridinium acceptors.