Spectral characteristics of randomly switched PWM DC/DC converters operating in discontinuous conduction mode

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)759-769
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2000


This paper addresses a comparative study of the spectral characteristics of four random-switching schemes that apply to the basic pulsewidth-modulation (PWM) dc/dc converters operating in discontinuous conduction mode (DCM). They include randomized pulse position modulation, randomized pulsewidth modulation, and randomized carrier frequency modulation with fixed duty cycle and with fixed duty time, respectively. Mathematical models that characterize the input current and output voltage of the three basic PWM converters operating in DCM are derived. In particular, the effectiveness of spreading the dominant switching harmonics in the input current that normally exist in the standard PWM scheme and the introduction of low-frequency harmonics in the output voltage with respect to the randomness level are investigated. The validity of the models and analyses are confirmed experimentally by using a dc/dc buck converter.

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