Spatial stimulus response compatibility for a horizontal visual display with hand and foot controls

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-245
Journal / PublicationErgonomics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011


In this study, two experiments were conducted to examine spatial stimulus-response compatibility (SRC) effects for a horizontal visual display with hand and foot controls. In experiment 1, the hand and foot controls were in a hands above and feet below vertical plane, such that the display and controls were orthogonal to each other. In experiment 2, the foot pedals were moved forward and placed directly underneath the front row of signals, resulting in an additional horizontal display and control relationship. The results of experiment 1 revealed a strong orthogonal SRC effect, such that the best performance was for the front signals with hand controls and rear signals with foot pedals, which was not altered with the presence of horizontal location mappings in experiment 2. These findings indicate that the front-hand/rear-foot mapping relationship was quite robust with regard to changes in the relative locations of the hand and foot response devices. Statement of Relevance: The results of this study provide useful ergonomics recommendations for designing control consoles with visual signals presented in a horizontal plane and control devices operated by hands and feet. They are helpful for improving efficiency and overall system performance in person-machine systems. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.

Research Area(s)

  • Foot control, Hand control, Spatial compatibility, Visual signal