Spatial correlation-based incremental learning for spatiotemporal modeling of battery thermal process

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

4 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2885-2893
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Issue number4
Online published8 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020


The thermal effect has a significant impact on the performance of a lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery. Thus, modeling the thermal process, which always involves unknown boundary heat exchange, is significant to battery management. Two critical issues should be addressed for the thermal process modeling: 1) the nominal model which is constructed offline can be updated efficiently to compensate for any online disturbances, and 2) the influence of previous and recent spatiotemporal dynamics may be varying and should be handled properly. Bearing these in mind, a spatial correlation based incremental learning technique is designed for spatiotemporal modeling. First, the incremental learning technique is developed to update the dominant spatial basis functions (DSBFs) of the nominal model, which is constructed by a time/space separation based method. Then, a forgetting factor is incorporated into the incremental learning technique to handle time-varying dynamics. Additionally, the popular approximator, that is, the radial basis function neural network, is utilized to identify the low-dimensional temporal model. Simulations and experiments on a pouch type battery with boundary heat exchange have demonstrated the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed modeling method.

Research Area(s)

  • Battery thermal process, forgetting factor, incremental learning, spatial correlation, time/space separation