Spatial and seasonal heterogeneity of atmospheric particles induced reactive oxygen species in urban areas and the role of water-soluble metals

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

19 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Nirmal K.umar Gali
  • Ka L.ok Chan
  • Li Sun
  • Kin-fai Ho

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-96
Journal / PublicationEnvironmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)
Volume198
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2015

Abstract

Adverse health effects are associated with exposure to atmospheric particulate matter (PM), which carry various chemical constituents and induce both exogenous and endogenous oxidative stress. This study investigated the spatial and seasonal variability of PM-induced ROS at four sites with different characteristics in Hong Kong. Cytotoxicity, exogenous and endogenous ROS was determined on a dose and time dependent analysis. Large spatial variation of ROS was observed with fine PM at urban site showing highest ROS levels while coarse PM at traffic site ranks the top. No consistent seasonal difference was observed for ROS levels among all sites. The highly heterogeneous distribution of PM-induced ROS demonstrates the differential capability of PM to produce oxidative stress, and the need to use appropriate metrics as surrogates of exposure instead of PM mass in epidemiologic studies. Several transition metals were found associated with ROS by different degree illustrating the complexity of mechanisms involved.

Research Area(s)

  • Coarse PM, PM(2.5), Reactive oxygen species, Urban aerosol, Water-soluble metals

Citation Format(s)

Spatial and seasonal heterogeneity of atmospheric particles induced reactive oxygen species in urban areas and the role of water-soluble metals. / Gali, Nirmal K.umar; Yang, Fenhuan; Jiang, Sabrina Y.anan; Chan, Ka L.ok; Sun, Li; Ho, Kin-fai; Ning, Zhi.

In: Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), Vol. 198, 01.03.2015, p. 86-96.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review