Space-time cluster analysis of the non-pathogenic infectious salmon anemia virus (HPR0 ISAV) in Chile, 2011-2012

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

7 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Raphaël Vanderstichel
  • Rolando Ibarra
  • Trude Marie Lyngstad
  • Erin Rees
  • Matías H. Medina

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-126
Journal / PublicationAquaculture
Volume437
Online published28 Nov 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

In 2007, Chile reported its first case of infectious salmon anemia (ISA), caused by ISA virus (ISAV), in sea-cage reared Atlantic salmon. By 2010, the ISA disease outbreak was under control, but similarly to other countries, Chile continues to occasionally detect the non-pathogenic variant of ISAV (HPR0 ISAV). The Chilean salmon industry has been including gill samples in their routine ISAV monitoring program to improve the detection of HRP0 ISAV, which provides an opportunity to better assess the distribution of HPR0 ISAV and describe its occurrence in the Chilean marine aquaculture industry.
A risk and a relative risk surface map were generated for the predominant regions of the Chilean aquaculture industry, and demonstrated areas of increased risk to HPR0 ISAV for the entire surveillance period. The observed occurrence and seasonal patterns of HPR0 ISAV were similar to those previously reported in Chile and in other countries. Further, spatiotemporal cluster analysis showed that the areas with a high-risk of HPR0 ISAV changed during the surveillance period (highly prevalent and causing non-clinical transient infections), and cases in clusters were initially observed within companies, followed by neighboring farms affecting other companies.Monitoring HPR0 ISAV in marine phase salmon production highlighted possible transmission patterns within the Chilean aquaculture industry and identified higher-risk areas associated with circulating orthomyxoviruses.

Research Area(s)

  • Aquaculture, Chile, HPR0, Infectious salmon anemia, Salmon farming, Surveillance

Citation Format(s)

Space-time cluster analysis of the non-pathogenic infectious salmon anemia virus (HPR0 ISAV) in Chile, 2011-2012. / Vanderstichel, Raphaël; St-Hilaire, Sophie; Ibarra, Rolando; Lyngstad, Trude Marie; Rees, Erin; Medina, Matías H.

In: Aquaculture, Vol. 437, 01.02.2015, p. 120-126.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal