Some observations on the changes of physico-chemical and biological factors in Victoria Harbour and vicinity, Hong Kong, 1988-1996

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Y. K. Yung
  • C. K. Wong
  • K. K. Chan
  • C. S W Kueh
  • M. J. Broom

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-325
Journal / PublicationMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume39
Issue number1-12
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1999

Abstract

This study analysed monthly physico-chemical and biological data collected from 18 marine monitoring stations in Victoria Harbour and its vicinity in Hong Kong, from 1988 to 1996. Cluster analysis based on all water quality parameters measured shows that the 18 monitoring stations can be grouped into four clusters: Cluster I consists of stations located in the Harbour proper; Cluster II consists of stations located west of the Harbour and along the Rambler Channel; Cluster III consists of stations located east of the Harbour near Junk Bay and Cluster IV consists of stations located west of the Harbour and near the Ma Wan, Kap Shui Mun and Western Fairways. Factor analysis shows high positive loadings for nutrients in the first two factors of the four clusters. This suggests that effluents from the 11 outfalls of sewage screening plants influence the water quality of Victoria Harbour and its vicinity. Other factors such as storm water runoff, marine traffic, construction and industrial activities and the Pearl River discharges also appear to play an important role in determining local water quality. Five stations located along an east-west transect across the Harbour were selected for trend analysis. The three stations located in the Harbour exhibit an increasing trend for temperature and levels of total phosphorus (TP), ortho-phosphate phosphorous (PO4-P) and faecal bacteria and a decreasing trend for pH and levels of total nitrogen (TN), total kjeldahl-nitrogen (TKN), 5-day biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) and chlorophyll a. For the station located east of the Harbour, an increasing trend is observed for levels of TP, PO4-P, but no decreasing trend in TN and TKN is detected. For the station located west of the Harbour, no decreasing trend in TN, TKN and chlorophyll a is observed. Changes in levels of phosphorus and nitrogen in Victoria Harbour and the immediate vicinity have led to significant increases in the ratios of Total Silica (TSi) to TN, as well as a decrease in TN to TP and TSi to TP in most stations. Results of the present study show that Victoria Harbour and its immediate vicinity remain polluted. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Cluster analysis, Hong Kong, Long-termed trends, Victoria harbour, Water quality

Citation Format(s)

Some observations on the changes of physico-chemical and biological factors in Victoria Harbour and vicinity, Hong Kong, 1988-1996. / Yung, Y. K.; YAU, K.; Wong, C. K.; Chan, K. K.; Yeung, I.; Kueh, C. S W; Broom, M. J.

In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 39, No. 1-12, 01.1999, p. 315-325.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review