Solid-state phase relationships in the calcia-titania-zirconia system at 1200°C

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3249-3252
Journal / PublicationJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1998
Externally publishedYes


Phase relationships were investigated in the CaO-TiO2-ZrO2 system at 1200°C for compositions containing <50 mol% CaO using X-ray diffraction and electron probe microanalysis. The existence of two previously reported ternary phases, zirconolite (CaZrTi2O7) and calzirtite (Ca2Zr5Ti2O16), was confirmed. Each of these phases exhibited a significant range of homogeneity between TiO2 and ZrO2, while maintaining a nearly constant concentration of CaO. The ternary solubilities of the constituent binary phases were found to be small (typically <1 mol%), with the exceptions of the perovskites (CaTiO3 and CaZrO3). These latter phases displayed mutual solubilities of at least 22 mol% but exhibited significant variations in composition from grain to grain. Thermodynamic equilibrium was clearly not established in several samples, although most of the phase relationship information obtained was self-consistent.

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