Solar-powered air quality monitor applied under subtropical conditions in Hong Kong : Performance evaluation and application for pollution source tracking

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

2 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Peng Wei
  • Dane Westerdahl
  • Peter.K.K. Louie
  • Robert Sharpe
  • Ronald Williams
  • Gayle Hagler

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number116825
Journal / PublicationAtmospheric Environment
Volume214
Online published11 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

Abstract

Air monitoring is desirable in many places to understand dynamic pollution trends and sources and improve knowledge of population exposure. While highly miniaturized low cost sensor technology is quickly evolving, there is also a need for the advancement of mid-tier systems that are closer to reference-grade technologies in their longevity and performance, but also feature compactness that requires less significant infrastructure. This project evaluated the performance of a prototype solar-powered air monitoring system known as a Village Green Project (VGP) system with wireless data transmission that was deployed on a school rooftop in Hong Kong and operated for over one year. The system provided highly time-resolved and long-term data utilizing mid-tier cost ozone, PM2.5 and meteorological instruments. It operated with very minimal maintenance but shading by a nearby building reduced solar radiation, thus battery run time, over the 16-months measurement period, approximately 330,000 1-min observations were recorded (data completeness of ~62%). The monitoring data were evaluated by comparison with a nearby Hong Kong Environment Protection Department (EPD) station and exhibited good performance for 1-h resolution (R2 = 0.74 for PM2.5 and R2 = 0.76 for ozone). Furthermore as a demonstration, a nonparametric regression (NPR) model was applied for identifying the location of pollution source, combining air pollution and meteorological measurements. In addition, based on the high time-resolution wind data, local-scale back-trajectories were calculated as an input for receptor-oriented Nonparametric Trajectory Analysis (NTA) model. The combination of the VGP air monitoring system and NTA model identified apparent local sources in urban area. The demonstration was largely successful and operational improvements are clearly suggested to insure better siting and configurations to insure adequate power and air flow.

Research Area(s)

  • Air qualtiy, Community monitoring, Cost-effective, Pollution source

Citation Format(s)

Solar-powered air quality monitor applied under subtropical conditions in Hong Kong : Performance evaluation and application for pollution source tracking. / Wei, Peng; Ning, Zhi; Westerdahl, Dane; Fat Lam, Yun; Louie, Peter.K.K.; Sharpe, Robert; Williams, Ronald; Hagler, Gayle.

In: Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 214, 116825, 01.10.2019.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review