Smoke Hazards of Tall Timber Buildings with New Products

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-601
Journal / PublicationEncyclopedia
Volume2
Issue number1
Online published8 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Link(s)

Abstract

Timber buildings can now stand very tall using new products. As timber materials are expected to be easily ignitable, the fire hazard of timber is a concern. Charring of the timber surface would maintain structural stability, but would also be accompanied by smoke. Although treating timber products with fire retardants would delay the ignition time under low radiative heat flux, toxic combustion products and unburnt fuel would be emitted immediately upon burning. More smoke and higher toxic gas concentrations such as carbon monoxide would be given off upon burning some fire retardants under high flashover heat fluxes. Due to the fast upward movement of smoke under stack effect, spreading of toxic smoke in tall timber buildings would lead to a hazardous environment. Engineered timber consists of derivative timber products. New engineered timber products are manufactured with advanced technology and design, including cross-laminated-timber (CLT), laminated veneer lumber (LVL) and glue-laminated timber (Glulam). The fire behaviour of timber products has been studied for several decades. However, the smoke hazards of using new timber products in building construction should be monitored. The objective of this study is to inspire stakeholders in fire safety of timber buildings, inter alia smoke hazards, to use new timber products to build tall buildings.

Research Area(s)

  • tall timber buildings, fire hazards, smoke hazards, public concerns, new timber products

Citation Format(s)

Smoke Hazards of Tall Timber Buildings with New Products. / Cheng, Chi-Honn; Chow, Cheuk-Lun; Yue, Tsz-Kit ; Ng, Yiu-Wah; Chow, Wan-Ki.

In: Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, No. 1, 03.2022, p. 593-601.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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