Smart Microgrid Energy Market : Evaluating Distributed Ledger Technologies for Remote and Constrained Microgrid Deployments

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number714
Number of pages23
Journal / PublicationElectronics (Switzerland)
Volume10
Issue number6
Online published18 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

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Abstract

The increasing strain on ageing generation infrastructure has seen more frequent instances of scheduled and unscheduled blackouts, rising reliability on fossil fuel based energy alternatives and a slow down in efforts towards achieving universal access to electrical energy in South Africa. To try and relieve the burden on the National Grid and still progress electrification activities, the smart microgrid model and secure energy trade paradigm is considered- enabled by the Industrial IoT (IIoT) and distributed ledger technologies (DLTs). Given the high availability requirements of microgrid operations, the limited resources available on IIoT devices and the high processing and energy requirements of DLT operations, this work aims to determine the effect of native DLT algorithms when implemented on IIoT edge device so to assess the suitability of DLTs as a mechanism to establish a secure, energy trading market for the Internet of Energy. Metrics such as the node transaction time, operating temperature, power consumption, processor and memory usage are considered towards determining possible interference on the edge node operation. In addition, the cost and time required for mining operations associated with the DLT-enabled node are determined in an effort to predict the cost to end users- in terms of fees payable and mobile data costs- as well as predicting the microgrid's growth and potential blockchain network slowdown.

Research Area(s)

  • Blockchain, Distributed ledger technology, Industrial Internet of Things, Industry 4.0, Performance testing, Raspberry Pi, Security, Smart contracts, Smart microgrid

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