Size-dependent nonlinear response of thin elastic films with nano-scale thickness

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1715-1726
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Mechanical Sciences
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2004


The paper aims at modeling of size-dependent geometrically nonlinear response of thin elastic films with nano-scale thickness based on a continuum approach. The film is assumed elastically isotropic, and the Kirchhoff's hypothesis is adopted to approximate the deformation kinetics. By using Hamilton's principle, the governing equations and associated boundary conditions for the films incorporating nonlinearity in von Karman's sense are derived. The model is then applied to analyze the bending, buckling and vibration of simply supported micro- and nano-films in plane strains. Differing from the results predicted by the conventional plate theory neglecting surface effect, the proposed model and solutions involve intrinsic length scales. Consequently, the new model leads to the conclusion that the static and dynamic responses of micro- and nano-film are scaling dependent. The significance of surface effect is more profound for smaller scales. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Size-dependence, Surface effect, Thin elastic film