Single photon sources with single semiconductor quantum dots

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-193
Journal / PublicationFrontiers of Physics
Volume9
Issue number2
Online published11 Sep 2013
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

Abstract

In this contribution, we briefly recall the basic concepts of quantum optics and properties of semiconductor quantum dot (QD) which are necessary to the understanding of the physics of single-photon generation with single QDs. Firstly, we address the theory of quantum emitter-cavity system, the fluorescence and optical properties of semiconductor QDs, and the photon statistics as well as optical properties of the QDs. We then review the localization of single semiconductor QDs in quantum confined optical microcavity systems to achieve their overall optical properties and performances in terms of strong coupling regime, efficiency, directionality, and polarization control. Furthermore, we will discuss the recent progress on the fabrication of single photon sources, and various approaches for embedding single QDs into microcavities or photonic crystal nanocavities and show how to extend the wavelength range. We focus in particular on new generations of electrically driven QD single photon source leading to high repetition rates, strong coupling regime, and high collection efficiencies at elevated temperature operation. Besides, new developments of room temperature single photon emission in the strong coupling regime are reviewed. The generation of indistinguishable photons and remaining challenges for practical single-photon sources are also discussed. © 2014 Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Research Area(s)

  • photon correlation, quantum dot (QD), quantum optics, single-photon source

Citation Format(s)

Single photon sources with single semiconductor quantum dots. / Shan, Guang-Cun; Yin, Zhang-Qi; Shek, Chan Hung; Huang, Wei.

In: Frontiers of Physics, Vol. 9, No. 2, 04.2014, p. 170-193.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review