Simultaneous operando measurements of the local temperature, state of charge, and strain inside a commercial lithium-ion battery pouch cell

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Xinghua Yu
  • Zhili Feng
  • Daniel Henn
  • Zhenggang Wu
  • Ke An
  • Bi Wu
  • Christian Fau
  • Chen Li
  • Stephen J. Harris

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A1578-A1585
Journal / PublicationJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume165
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Link(s)

Abstract

A high energy X-ray diffraction technique is employed in a new way to make operando through-thickness measurements inside a large format commercial Li-ion pouch cell. The technique, which has a sub-mm in-plane spatial resolution, simultaneously determines the local temperature, the local state of charge of both electrodes (as opposed to the global average state of charge determined electrochemically), and the local in-plane elastic strain in the current collectors, all without embedding any intrusive sensors that alter battery behavior. As both thermal strain and mechanical strain develop during the charge-discharge cycling of the pouch cell, a novel approach developed herein makes it possible to separate them, allowing for measurement of the local temperature inside the battery. The operando experiment reveals that the temperature inside the cell is substantially higher than the external temperature. We propose that mechanical strain is due primarily to load transfer from the electrode to the current collector during lithiation, allowing determination of the local binder. Detailed local SOC mapping illustrates non-uniform degradation of the battery pouch cell. The possibility for 3D measurements is proposed. We believe that this new approach can provide critically needed data for validation of detailed models of processes inside commercial pouch cells.

Research Area(s)

Bibliographic Note

Publication details (e.g. title, author(s), publication statuses and dates) are captured on an “AS IS” and “AS AVAILABLE” basis at the time of record harvesting from the data source. Suggestions for further amendments or supplementary information can be sent to lbscholars@cityu.edu.hk.

Citation Format(s)

Simultaneous operando measurements of the local temperature, state of charge, and strain inside a commercial lithium-ion battery pouch cell. / Yu, Xinghua; Feng, Zhili; Ren, Yang; Henn, Daniel; Wu, Zhenggang; An, Ke; Wu, Bi; Fau, Christian; Li, Chen; Harris, Stephen J.

In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 165, No. 7, 2018, p. A1578-A1585.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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