Significant thermal conductivity reduction of silicon nanowire forests through discrete surface doping of germanium

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Ying Pan
  • Shyamprasad N. Raja
  • Severin Zimmermann
  • Manish K. Tiwari
  • Dimos Poulikakos

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number093102
Journal / PublicationApplied Physics Letters
Volume106
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Silicon nanowires (SiNWs) are promising materials for the realization of highly-efficient and cost effective thermoelectric devices. Reduction of the thermal conductivity of such materials is a necessary and viable pathway to achieve sufficiently high thermoelectric efficiencies, which are inversely proportional to the thermal conductivity. In this article, vertically aligned forests of SiNW and germanium (Ge)-doped SiNW with diameters around 100 nm have been fabricated, and their thermal conductivity has been measured. The results show that discrete surface doping of Ge on SiNW arrays can lead to 23% reduction in thermal conductivity at room temperature compared to uncoated SiNWs. Such reduction can be further enhanced to 44% following a thermal annealing step. By analyzing the binding energy changes of Ge-3d and Si-2p using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, we demonstrate that surface doped Ge interacts strongly with Si, enhancing phonon scattering at the Si-Ge interface as has also been shown in non-equilibrium molecular dynamics studies of single nanowires. Overall, our results suggest a viable pathway to improve the energy conversion efficiency of nanowire-forest thermoelectric nanomaterials. © 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.

Bibliographic Note

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Citation Format(s)

Significant thermal conductivity reduction of silicon nanowire forests through discrete surface doping of germanium. / Pan, Ying; Hong, Guo; Raja, Shyamprasad N. et al.
In: Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 106, No. 9, 093102, 02.03.2015.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review