Sign switching of superexchange mediated by a few electrons in a nonuniform magnetic field

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number022420
Journal / PublicationPhysical Review A
Issue number2
Online published19 Aug 2022
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022



Long-range interaction between distant spins is an important building block for the realization of a large quantum-dot network in which couplings between pairs of spins can be selectively addressed. Recent experiments on the coherent oscillation of logical states between remote spins facilitated by intermediate electron states were the first step for large-scale quantum information processing. Reaching this ultimate goal requires extensive studies on the superexchange interaction in different quantum-dot spatial arrangements and electron configurations. Here, we consider a linear triple quantum dot with two antiparallel spins in the outer dots forming the logical states while varying numbers of electrons in the middle dot form a mediator, which facilitates the superexchange interaction. We show that the superexchange is enhanced when the number of mediating electrons increases. In addition, we show that forming a four-electron triplet in the mediator dot further enhances the superexchange strength. Our work can be a guide to scale up the quantum-dot array with controllable and dense connectivity.

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